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Frequently Asked Questions


Please note that the Welsh Government have not updated the Frequently Asked Questions document for some time and therefore some of the information in these questions may no longer be correct.


Section 4a - Entry Element Options

4 a   GLASTIR - ALL WALES ELEMENT (AWE) - questions on the 65 options

Connectivity options

Will there be capital works for hedgerow restoration?

There are options in the scheme for planting new hedge species or restoring existing gappy hedgerows.  These attract points towards the entry threshold for the All Wales element rather than being paid as additional capital grants.

Will hedgerows have to be identified on the application form?

All selected options will have to be detailed on the application form and will be mapped during the farmer appointments.

Can I do all the hedge planting and corridor creation in year 1?

Yes, all capital works must be completed within the first 2 years.

I am concerned about creating 3m wide corridors - will I lose this from my forage area and SPS payment?

No, forage area as declared on 2008 SAF remains forage area under Glastir irrespective of which options are chosen.  This has been confirmed by the EU Commission

AWE Options 4&5 hedgerow management; Is it necessary to fence hedges under this option as there may be no other way to prevent poaching by livestock along the sides?  If it is not necessary, what is the accepted way of establishing that signs of poaching which occurred prior to entering Glastir do not come to be considered as a breach of agreement?  Many hedges already have a ditch alongside them, does this count as "channelling of surface runoff along the side of the hedge", and therefore make the hedge ineligible for this option?

No requirement to fence. Suggest that if risk of run off that could constitute a breach then don't enter the hedge with the ditch alongside.

Only cutting a hedge once in every every 3 years as in option 5, will cause damage to the hedgerow and contractors will not want to cut for fear of damage to machinery.

If this is a genuine problem/concern for an individual, then choose the 'simple hedgerow management option' which permits cutting every 2 years.

Can I create a connectivity strip if there is an existing hedge in situ? 

No. These options are costed on the basis of actual cost involved which includes planting and fencing.  Read the prescription carefully, if you do not need to do both then the option will not be appropriate and simple or enhanced hedgerow management may be better option.

Hedgerows will be permanently damaged by flailing 3 years growth as in option 5.


Technical specialist are aware of these risks but there will be environmental benefits which require this approach.  If your hedgerow comprises quick growing species then choose option 4 - simple hedgerow management.

Any capital payments for hedge planting?  What is the incentive?


The points in AWE are based on the actual costs of doing the work and/or any income foregone (lost production) as a result of implementing the options.  Consequently capital costs are included in the calculation.  All capital costs were based on typical contractor charges and have been independently validated as reasonable and accurate.  Each applicant needs to accurately calculate the cost:benefit of the option in his/her own circumstances as costs may vary.

Why are there no grants to complete the fencing work for the prescriptions?



Glastir AWE is fundamentally different to current agri-environment schemes.  The cost of fencing is factored into the points awarded to options requiring fencing.  All the costs underpinning the points have been independently validated as reasonable and accurate.

If land is fenced out for streamside corridors, wildlife corridors, woodland extension etc, will this come out of the forage area on the SAF forms & affect farmers' entitlements?

Absolutely not; if claimed as forage area in 2008 it will continue to be forage area irrespective of Glastir prescriptions.

I have a 'marshy field' on one side of the field boundary and an improved field the other, can I create a corridor in this situation?

You can only create a corridor on improved land; keep it to the edge of the improved land and do not stray into the habitat (marshy) land.

Wildlife Corridors - The implication within the guidelines seems to be starting from grassland.  From a biodiversity, connectivity & landscape/historical field pattern point-of view it is critical also to encourage fencing of existing corridors or gappy corridors - are these eligible for inclusion?

On Improved grassland - fencing of existing corridors doesn't qualify.  The costing that supports the points includes planting so the points would not be valid if fencing of existing corridors was eligible.

Why can't hedges be trimmed earlier than 1st September in Wales when they can in England?

There was extensive consultation on this issue when this requirement was introduced to cross compliance and the majority of opinion supported the current dates.

Tir Cynnal & Tir Gofal - Are farmers who hold (a) Tir Cynnal & (b) Tir Gofal agreements to be allowed points for Simple Hedgerow Management & Enhanced Hedgerow management when they apply to hold a concurrent Glastir agreement?


Overlap in costing between hedgerow management in WFC for TC/TG and that for hedge management in Glastir essentially precludes paying for this option in Glastir until post-transition. We were very close to having no payment for this option for anyone and simply making a WFC requirement as validators cited published evidence that less hedgerow cutting is actually a cost benefit to farmers in pasture dominated systems.  We would not want to jeopardise the basis of our argument which got this re-instated.

Can I create a corridor on improved land where there are a few remnant trees from an old, but since removed hedge row?

No, this is likely to fit more appropriately into Option 6 - Double fence gappy hedges at 3m width.

Will I have to find a gappy hedge every year for the 5 years?

No, you select the gappy hedge(s) at the outset and complete in the first 2 years.

My gappy hedge has a few mature trees, do I need to cut these down?

No, you can lay the hedge if you wish.  You should be aiming for a hedge height and width of 1.5m and allow saplings to grow up at intervals of between 20 and 70 metres.

In Montgomeryshire, hedges that form a boundary are managed by the owner of the hedge, (i.e. cutting, laying etc), and not by both farmers, does this mean that the owner can submit this hedge into Glastir?

No.  Boundary hedges cannot be included.  We do not have the resources to judge each and every farm situation on its merits.  Management control extends beyond the hedge - for example "do not apply fertilisers, manures or herbicides to land within 2m of the centre of the hedge".

Can you let hedges grow for more than 3 years?

The minimum for the 'enhanced hedgerow management on both sides' option is not cutting hedges more than once in 3 years, there is no maximum.

Which species should we plant in a gappy hedge?

Should try to source local species but do not have to, i.e. look what species exist in the remaining parts of the hedge. See Table 1.1 in Technical Guidance

I lay / pleach my hedges if I select the simple or enhanced hedgerow management options.

Hedge laying as part of a management cycle is compatible with these options although bird breeding season should be avoided.

Is a Laburnum hedge eligible for simple and enhanced hedgerow management options?


What happens if a newly planted hedge fails?

Failures will occur occasionally.  You will not be penalised but will be expected to replant and this will be detailed in the contract.

Why are there no provisions for stone walls which are traditional in my area and hedges are not?


Stone wall options feature in Targeted Element.  They are expensive to construct and maintain which would score significant points and given that AWE is an entry level scheme where the intention is for applicants to choose a range of options the limit would have to be set so low for stone walls that the option would not be worthwhile.

Do I have to use new materials when constructing the protective fencing for the corridor?  If I take down some fencing can I re-use it in a different location?

Yes, the points and the supporting costs are based on new material purchase.  Yes, you can use the removed fence elsewhere on the farm.

I am a dairy farmer and do not need pig netting fences, can I use electric fencing for my corridors or perhaps triple wire?

You do not have to use pig netting, you can use barbed / 3 lined wire as detailed in the technical guidance.  Electric fencing is not permitted as this was not included in the costings.

When a stream side corridor is established can you remove the fence?

Fence should be retained at least for the length of the contract (5 years).

AWE Options 9a&b streamside corridor with tree planting; Please confirm that the tree planting density is 30 trees per 100 linear metres.


Streamside corridor - can I create one alongside a ditch?

Yes, if the ditch is identified as a watercourse on the 1:50,000 scale map in the AWE application pack and assuming that you are creating the corridor on improved land.

Do I have to place a gate in the fence alongside the streamside corridor?

No, only if you want to.

Are we able to have drinking places for livestock to access water?


I've planted thousands of trees, these will not give me points.  I feel I'm been penalised now for prior environmental work undertaken.

Consider the continued management options such as 8 - Continued management of existing streamside corridor.  Whole Farm Code payment also supports the maintenance of established habitats.

I have several streamside corridors that were fenced out under the Tir Cymen scheme, are they eligible for Glastir?

Yes, corridors created under previous schemes, and assuming that those schemes have ended, are now likely to be eligible under Option 8 - Continued management of existing streamside corridors. 

Can you plant coniferous trees in a streamside corridor?

No. Need to be native broad leaf and ideally though not essentially of local provenance.  Technical guidance includes the complete list.

If I create a streamside corridor, it will become full of brambles.  Can any steps be taken to manage brambles?

Brambles represent a valuable habitat in its own right.  If you think they are too dominant you should try and manage them before corridor creation. Once the creation option is implemented herbicide use is only permitted to spot treat and control notifiable weeds or invasive alien species such as Spear Thistle, Creeping Thistle, Curled Dock, Broad-leaved Dock, Ragwort, Japanese Knotweed, Rhododendron or Himalayan Balsam.  Overtime trees will grow through the brambles.

The streamside corridor will fill with weeds which will spread to neighbouring fields.  How can I control this situation?

Notifiable and invasive alien weed species can be spot sprayed.  Other weed flora can enhance the biodiversity value of the corridor.  You are not prevented form spraying the neighbouring field so long as it is not committed to a Glastir option that forbids spraying.

Farmers not currently in any agri-environment scheme who have fenced off streamside corridors recently are penalised by the reduced points score for option 8 (continued management) compared to 7A/7B.

Points are based on costs of implementation of the option and any income foregone; option 8 is less costly than 7a and 7b which require corridor creation.

Can I create a streamside corridor in advance of applying to AWE and then use the corridor to gain points under option 8.  This will enable me to create a narrow corridor on habitat land?

Yes, and option 8 would then be appropriate.

Can I select a streamside corridor and the field corner option on the same land?

No, you cannot stack options on the same land parcel, must be either/or.  However you can select side by side options on the same parcel e.g streamside corridor next to low input grassland.

My stream meanders and it would be easier for me to establish the corridor with an average width of 3.5m, is this acceptable?

No, 3.5m is the minimum width.

Option 23 - allow small areas of improved land in field corners to revert to rough grassland or scrub - what is the minimum area?

The scorecard indicates that 5 sq metres is the minimum that will score points.  It's in the applicant's interest to include as much area as is possible, in terms of accruing points for Glastir entry.  The maximum area per corner 0.35ha per corner.

Does option 23 (allow small areas of improved land in field corners to revert to rough grassland or scrub) have to be implemented in improved grassland fields or can it be in the corner of an arable field?

Can be either so long as it is improved land.

How did the people drawing up Glastir come to the conclusion that fencing and leaving streamside corridors and field corners was a good environmental option - surely management by appropriate grazing would be much more beneficial resulting in a variety of plant life & habitats instead of potential invasion and cover by plants such as blackberry?

These options have various objectives including biodiversity and water quality.  Grazing tends to reduce species diversity and is a higher risk in terms of compromising water quality.

The woodland on my boundary is owned by my neighbour, can I choose option 24 to extend the woodland edge?

Yes, so long as you have management control of the strip for at least 5 years.

If somebody owns a wood which is surrounded by a Glastir claimants land, can the wood owner put this fence into option 40?

Whoever would have management control of the wood for the

5 year contract can select Option 40.

If a track is running through a wood (joining two parcels) but it is stock excluded for grazing, can this be classed as a stock excluded wood? 

If the track is purely for access and otherwise livestock are excluded then it should be eligible.  May be a need to fence each side of the track.

Option 24 extends the woodland edge by 6 m, can the original fence be left in situ.  Why is there a need to remove it?

The option is costed on the basis of existing fence removal and erection of a new fence.

Landscape features

Would a 5m x 5m pond be eligible forage area given the very small size?

Yes, all eligible forage area on the 2008 SAF remains as forage area in Glastir irrespective of the nature of the option or size of the option chosen.

AWE Option 35 pond creation: technical guidance notes are mentioned for this. When will they be available?

Detailed technical guidance is included in the application pack

and on the website.

Option 35 pond creation: is it acceptable to extend an existing pond in this category rather than create a completely new one?

No, extensions are not permissible.

I maintain my existing pond and the land around, can I be paid for this work?

Only if the pond is appropriate for option 36 (Buffering existing unfenced in field ponds.  The Whole Farm Code payment rewards you for maintaining existing habitats and landscape features.

Is it ok to create a pond within a conifer block rather than on grassland?

Must be on improved land - income foregone costed accordingly.

Does the pond have to have water in it all year round?

You should carefully select the option and area for pond creation to minimise the likelihood that it will run dry.  In extreme weather conditions it may dry out and force majeure may then be appropriate.

To retain the water in an improved grassland field for the pond option can I use a pond liner?

Yes, this is acceptable.

On the score card are points for ponds per pond or per square metre?

Points are per pond; 148 points per pond on the standard scorecard.

Why can't you have an island in the middle of a pond?

Larger islands attract geese/ducks as opposed to ground nesting birds.  We are concerned about the implications of encouraging large numbers of geese and their impact on the other wildlife interest of the site - not so much other birds.  Geese and duck dominated farm

ponds typically have significantly greater eutrophication issues with much less wider biodiversity interest as a consequence.  Consequently from both water quality / biodiversity viewpoints islands are not desired.

Why do you have to fence 10m from the edge of a pond and only 3.5 m from a streamside corridor?

More wildlife benefit with 10 m and to reduce the diffuse pollution risk and eutrophication from fertilisers on agricultural land.

Can I include my 20 year old pond in Glastir? Already has a buffer created under Tir Gofal prescriptions?

No. It would have to be a new pond, or a new buffer created on improved land.  The Whole Farm Code payment rewards farmers for continued maintenance.

I already have a fenced pond, if I reference at 10m margin will I qualify for Option 36?

Yes, if the pond buffer is being created on improved land and you are erecting a new fence.

We had intended to create an extension to the pond under the TG prescriptions, but it wasn't done. Could this become an option for our entry into Glastir?

No, pond extensions are not covered.  Suggest building a new pond adjacent to existing as long as it is on improved land as this would increase overall wildlife interest of feature

particularly if of different depth and profile.  Minimum size is 5m x 5m.

My pond is in the middle of a potential streamside corridor, can I choose both streamside corridor creation and buffer an existing pond but fence all out at 3.5m from waters edge?

No, this would only qualify as a streamside corridor.  You would have to fence the pond at 10m from water's edge to qualify for option 36, buffering existing unfenced in field ponds.

Does 'in-field' mean the pond cannot be created at the field edge?

No, the pond can be created at the field edge and would be more beneficial for wildlife than a pond in the middle of the field.

Why fence out ponds at 10m from water's edge and streamside corridors at only 3.5m?

The nutrient enrichment risk and consequences for ponds from fertiliser/nutrient run-off is greater for ponds than streams.

Why are ponds not allowed in wet areas as they would fill much quicker, remain full throughout the year and attract more wildlife than in improved areas which tend to be drier - hence the reason they were improved in the first place.

It is important to understand that unimproved land is in effect habitat land and we cannot support altering / damaging one habitat to create a landscape feature (pond).  Consequently pond creation is only supported on improved land.

My orchard is on unimproved land, can I choose option 11 to restore a traditional orchard?

Yes, this option is available on both improved and unimproved land.

Can I plant shrubs instead of fruit trees, I have in mind gooseberries and blackberries?

Yes, but they cannot earn you points.

Can I plant cob nut trees?

Yes, but they cannot earn you points.

Is there a limit (min & max) of the number of trees you can plant? (orchard & parkland)

The minimum for option 11 to restore a traditional orchard is 1 remnant tree.  Maximum planting is related to whole farm size as in other options.

Option 13 requires the planting of individual native trees on improved land, Victorians introduced exotic trees, are they now native?

No, broadleaved native trees must be planted as this is now regarded as the most appropriate landscape feature.

Does a tree planted in the hedge qualify or does it have to be 'in' the field?  How far from an existing fence?

Assuming you are referring to Option 13 - plant individual native trees on improved land; trees must be planted at traditional parkland spacings so in-hedge trees would not qualify.

How far apart do trees have to be planted -

a)  in orchard, b)  in improved field / parkland?

The option prescription states no less than than 10 m apart for orchard plantings and parkland trees at traditional parkland spacings.

Can I choose option 40 if I want to start excluding livestock from my woodland?

The option is only available for maintenance of a  fence around an already stock excluded woodland. You can put a stock-exclusion fence in place before applying to Glastir and you would then qualify for this option.

Can I choose option 40 if I do not own the woodland?

The contract holder has to have control of the woodland.

What is the minimum size of woodland for option 40?

The minimum is 0.5ha block and it must be recognised on the National Forestry Index

Habitat options

Will the maps that come out with the packs show the various habitats if my land has not been in Tir Gofal previously?

The upland habitats relating to the 3 upland options will be mapped but not other habitats.

If I incorrectly assess my habitat do I get penalised?

This is a possibility.  If you are confused regarding the habitats on your farm you should seek advice, Farming Connect consultants can provide this service.  You may also be able to secure sufficient points without selecting habitat options.

Are we being penalised for having already created habitats under other schemes?

The Whole Farm Code element would reward the preservation of existing habitats.  Also, not being penalised as you were fully 'compensated' for creating the habitat through the previous scheme's payments.  Also, the majority of created habitats are eligible for ongoing management through Glastir AWE.

All options with max & min sward heights: As many areas at the start of the agreement may not have a sward height within the given limits, and this may take some time to achieve through changes in grazing pressure, what is the accepted way of monitoring the starting sward height?

Will it be acceptable to allow a period of time to get the sward to within specified heights?

No baseline required - Technical \and agricultural advice is that vegetation outcomes are sufficiently broad to achieve in year 1

AWE Option 15 grazed permanent pasture with very low inputs; How much, if any diversity should fields in this option show at the start of the agreement?  Is occasional hay/silage cutting acceptable?

No requirement on diversity at the outset - GR2 on form. Silage / hay not acceptable - requirement to manage by grazing.

AWE Options 16 & 17 upland heath & bog; There seems to be an error in the description in brackets. I think it should read " <50% grassland on 50 cm (not %) peat. If 50% is correct, please clarify how this is to be measured.

Most upland areas will contain a mix of different habitats, please confirm how the stocking rates are to be worked out in this situation and how much detail is needed in the stocking diary.

Farmers will be told which category is available to them on the application form

AWE Option 18 upland grassland; does this apply to areas which have been improved or is it for unimproved only?

Farmers will be told which category is available to them on the application form.

AWE Upland options; what is the definition of upland (and lowland in the case of heath)?

Farmers will be told which of the 3 upland  categories are available to them on the application form.

AWE Option 21 Saltmarsh; is it acceptable to graze year round?

Yes but 0.4 lsu/ ha max between 1 March - 15th July

Does the Tir Gofal category of "reedbed swamp & fen" come under upland grassland or blanket bog? (or nothing?)

Upland fen has been merged into one of the pre-mapped upland categories. Lowland fen could arguably be put into marshy grassland if the outcome sward heights are practical - will depend very much on the type of fen.  Reedbed and swamp do not have anywhere to go in AWE - but handful only in TG so not really an issue.

Is gorse classified as a "dwarf shrub" within the upland heath category? 

CCW defined upland categories which are pre-mapped so farmers do not have an option / don't have to work out which to put it in.

Can habitats used to gain points for Tir Cynnal agreement holders be eligible for Glastir points when considering running these agreements concurrent with Glastir?

All TC habitat options are ok for Glastir EXCEPT for those where agreement holders chose to create to achieve 5% habitat - even these would be eligible post-transition.

What is the definition of "lowland" - in Glastir for marshy grassland - is this above a certain contour line?

Lowland is land below the mountain wall or the functional limit of the fridd. Farmers with upland habitats will be notified in the application pack.  If you do not receive this notification assume that the upland habitat options are not available to you.

What is the reason why we cannot roll and harrow between 15 March and 15 July?

Protect ground nesting birds including Skylarks, lapwing, curlews, golden plover, snipe, meadow pipits.

Can I apply farmyard manure to un-improved land?

If you select a habitat management option then you must adhere to the prescription and many forbid the application of FYM.  Un-improved land not in Glastir or other environmental schemes can receive FYM

Some habitat options state, maintain a sward with a range of heights during the growing season, at least 20% of the sward must be less than 7cm and at least 20% must be more than 7cm to allow plants to flower and to provide a more varied habitat".  Why can't you state, "an average sward height of 7cm should be maintained"?

This wording and requirement is necessary because it is the range of sward heights that is essential to achieve the biodiversity benefits.

Option 15 - Grazed permanent pasture with very low inputs.  Would application of Trace Elements be termed as 'fertiliser materials'?


Supplementary Feeding is essential in uplands.  Are cake & blocks included in the ban on supplementary feeding or just silage?  And what about mineral supplementation?

Habitat options that ban supplementary feed includes all feeds and mineral supplements as they lead to nutrient enrichment of the soil.  Other means of supplement should be considered e.g. bolus/other oral or indeed providing a feed or supplement at grass in the fields not entered into habitat management options.

Is fodder made 'on farm' considered to be a supplementary feed? 

Yes, assuming this relates to 'no supplementary feeding' on habitat land.

Option 19 - Lowland marshy grassland - why can't I cut, roll or harrow between March 15th and July 15th?

This is to encourage a range of plant species to re-establish and flower to provide a diverse habitat, food sources and shelter for wildlife including ground nesting birds.

Can habitat options be selected for part parcels?

Yes, if the option's prescription details a sward height objective but not a stocking rate objective.  If the former then there is no need to fence the part parcel separately.

Does my improved pasture qualify for option 22, 'maintenance of existing haymeadow'?

Yes, this option is about the management of the land not original habitat.

Option 22, haymeadow prescribes no cutting before 15 July in LFA, what would happen if the season was untypical, for example resulting in a very heavy early crop, would earlier cutting be permissible?

Difficult to respond on this specific example but previous policy has been to consider derogations with regard to agri-environment prescriptions in unusual circumstances.  This approach is likely to continue under Glastir.

Can I still burn heather and gorse if the land in question has been used for one of the prescriptions in Glastir?

There are burning restrictions specified in some options, it depend on the prescription for the option.  There are also burning restrictions on 'rocky land' included in the Whole Farm Code.

How are people going to maintain a stocking diary when you might have marshy and improved land in the same field parcel? 

The options; 'Management of lowland marshy grassland' and 'Grazed permanent pasture with very low inputs' both require specific sward height maintenance not specific stocking rates.  Therefore these options can be implemented on part parcels while the stocking diary will relate to the whole parcel.

Will I have to fence out the different crop types within one field boundary/parcel? E.g. perm pasture, wetland, etc.

Not always.  You can select options to be implemented on 'part parcels' but only if the options prescription identifies sward height management targets.  Options that specify stocking rates can not be implemented on part parcels only on 'fenced' ground.

I have land that was in a previous habitat scheme, which has now ended.  Would this land be eligible for Glastir AWE habitat options?

Yes, the land should fit one of the habitat options and once selected must be managed according to the prescription.

How can I control bracken on Glastir habitat land?

Spraying of bracken is not permitted for Glastir habitat options although some permit controlled burning.  Read the prescription carefully and decide if your bracken is too invasive to be compatible with the requirements of the options.

Arable options

Option 34 unharvested headland; is it acceptable to graze this before 1 March?


Several prescriptions are specifically for arable and improved land and as we live on a hill farm none of the arable options, and very few of the improved land options apply to us. Shouldn't there be a provision in the point scoring for this?

It can be more difficult to score points if you do not have improved land but there are also habitat and other options for unimproved land.  The scheme has been tested in these circumstances and the majority of farmers can reach the threshold points.

Crop management options for arable land

What watercourses are appropriate for option 29, 'undersown spring cereals next to water courses'?

Any watercourse marked on the 1:50,000 OS Master Map provided in your Application Pack and only of arable cropping was grown on the adjacent land in the reference period (2007-2010).

The unharvested cereal headland requires a 3 to 6m wide strip, is this additional to the 1m margin required by cross-compliance?

Yes, all arable margin options are additional to cross compliance 1m requirements.  The unharvested cereal headland would be 4m minimum to include the 1m cross compliance requirement.

Historic Feature Options

Will Glastir offer any more protection / options regarding the historic environment compared to TG?

The All Wales Element and Targeted Element in combination will offer roughly the same protection and management for historic features as currently provided through Tir Gofal.

How can all traditional buildings and historic sites be identified on a holding?

CADW holds information on scheduled ancient monuments and the Welsh Archaeological Trusts on the non-scheduled historic features.  Historic Parks and Gardens information is mainly held by CADW while some is held by the Trusts.  There is no unified record of traditional farm buildings.  The application pack map will detail ancient monuments as polygons.

How will 'damage' to historic monuments be defined?

Cross compliance already gives protection to all Scheduled Ancient Monuments and Glastir extends this protection to all historic features identified on the farm.


Definitions of damage to a historic feature include ANY of the following:


  • Ground disturbance or excavation especially extending beneath topsoil.
  • Dumping or storage of material, including temporary storage.
  • Removal of any material, including stones, soil or subsoil.
  • Visible signs of active erosion (loss and disturbance of topsoil or subsoil) caused by livestock and vehicles or other agricultural practice.
  • Planting trees (except when replacing trees "like for like" within designated parkland).
  • Allowing Scrub to develop
  • Ploughing or reseeding
  • Displacing individual stone features.


There must be no damage or disturbance to any "Historic Park" or "Historic Garden" on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.


Damage includes ANY of the following:


  • Removal of historic plantings identified in the Register.
  • Removal or disturbance of structural or landscape features.
  • Remodelling of the landscape such as to significantly re-profile the topography.
  • Dumping of mateial.

Can I remove the slates or tiles from a historic building and use them elsewhere on the farm?

You should seek permission from CADW or the local archaeological trust first.  If the building is included in an agri-environment scheme including Glastir you would be in breach of the Whole Farm Code.

Are there any restrictions on option selections in the region of a historic feature?

Yes, some options are not permissible without consent form a historic environment advisor such as the local Welsh Archaeological Trust.  Options needing prior consent include, 1,2,3, 6 to 14, 23, 24, 28 to 36, 39, 40.

On my 2010 SAF maps most of the historic monuments shown are in the wrong locations - how will this affect me should I wish to go for one of these options?

If you have concerns about inaccurate mapping of ancient monuments your should speak to CADW regarding scheduled monuments and the local archaeological trust regarding other monuments before attempting the AWE application.

Non - parcel based options

What percentage of the herd/flock must be comprised of native breeds at risk to qualify for this option?

Full details of eligible list of breeds at risk is provided in the guidance document.  They must be pedigree cattle, sheep or equine and categorised as at risk on the UK specific approved list of native breeds.  Points relate to number of LSU's entered and payment is per LSU entered up to a maximum LSUs' linked to total hectarage.  Farmers will need to achieve no less than the stocking area declared at all times of the year.

How are points for Native Breeds calculated?

It is more complex that just having Native Breeds, The breed would need to be categorised as "at risk" due to declining numbers.  Points are scored as follows:

Cattle >24 mths = 40 points

Cattle < 24 mths = 20 points

Breeding ewes = 6.67 points

Horses = 20 points

Are the Livestock Units mentioned in the prescriptions the same as the Tir Gofal units?


AWE Option 37 Native breeds; what will be considered proof that certain livestock are "genetically traceable purebred offspring"?

Glastir should be supporting Welsh native breeds.  Why are Welsh Blacks not in the native breeds option?

Must be pedigree and on UK breeds at risk approved list.


Only UK native breeds that are listed on the UK Breeds at Risk register can be supported.  At risk means that the population of pedigree females has fallen below the threshold necessary to sustain the breed.  For example for a cattle breed the population of females would have to be below 7,500 and Welsh Black cattle are currently approximately 15,000 in number.

Why is Hereford on the eligible list of Native Breeds, surely they outnumber Welsh Blacks?

Hereford (modern) is on the list @7000 breeding females below the threshold of 7500.  Aberdeen Angus (Orig) and Hereford (Orig) means pedigree-registered animals listed as being part of an 'Original Population' of that breed, usually in a separate 'closed' sub-register of the breed society's herdbook.  These original populations are registered separately. There are big physical differences between the original pops and the modern commercial orientated Hereford and Angus breeds.

Could a native breed at risk be sired by a breed that are not at risk (e.g. Welsh Black Bull?

Yes, although he cannot include the crossbred progeny in his calculation for eligible animals, only the pedigree registered

How can I have my unusual breed of sheep registered on the UK breeds at risk register?

To be eligible for funding under agri-environment measures any breed put forward by, for example a breed society, must meet the following conditions set out by the European Commission:


1.    Proof must be available to show that they are a separate, specifically named, "breed" (i.e. not part of any other listed UK inventory breed).

2.    Verification must be available to prove that they are a "native breed" - as defined by the UK's National Standing Committee on farm genetic resources.

3.    Evidence must be available that that they are a "native breed at risk" - in accordance with the Annex IV thresholds set out in Commission Regulation (EC) No 1974/2006. The number, calculated for all Member States, of breeding females of the same breed available for pure-bred reproduction registered in a herd book kept by the approved breeding organisation in accordance with Community zootechnical legislation must be below 7,500 for cattle breeds.

4.    Must obtain Welsh Assembly Government's approval of the breed under the terms of EU zootechnical legislation. If you feel you can satisfy the first three elements of the criteria and wish to attain approval under the EU Zootechnical Regulations, you can make an application to the Animal Welfare and Animal Bi Products branch, Office of the Chief Veterinary Officer. Please contact:

Sian Smith

Animal Welfare and By-Products
Office of the Chief Veterinary Officer
Department for Rural Affairs
Welsh Assembly Government
Cathays Park

Phone: 029 2082 3477


To qualify for entry in the main section of the herd-book of its breed an animal must:

(a) be descended from parents and grandparents entered in the main section of the herd-book of that same breed

(b) be identified and registered in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1760/2000 of the Parliament and of the Council (2) and the rules adopted for its implementation

(c) have a pedigree established in accordance with the rules of that herd-book.

Could we use existing owl and bird boxes to accrue points?

No, they would have to be new boxes.

Option 14 (slurry injection) - Is it possible to only inject 85% of slurry and not 100% as there is a risk of running out of land and still having excess slurry in the tank; the majority of farmers would be using a contractor?

We could not control 85% of slurry injected and therefore injection must be 'all or nothing'.  In this situation it may be overly ambitious to try to empty the tank in one go.  You can export slurry off the farm which does not have to disposed of by injection.

Do I have to have my own slurry injection equipment?

No, you can use contractors.

Can I apply by dribble bar?

No, only by injection or trailing shoe as these methods are judged to offer the most environmental benefit and the option has been costed on this basis.

For option 14 (slurry Injection) will dirty water have to be injected/spread by low emission (trailing shoe/injection) too?

Yes, assuming it is coming from the slurry tank/store.

Option 14 (slurry injection) - What happens if a farmer gives up dairying during the 5 years, will they have to repay all the money or will they be re-scored on what they have left? 

The likelihood is that we would try to rescore him as a first step.  If this is unsuccessful then a reclaim and possibly penalties could result.  Option 14 would be less of an issue than other options he may have chosen, as the only eligibility criterion to select slurry injection is to have storage capacity for at least 100,000 litres so it is unlikely that another option would have to be selected to replace option 14 specifically if slurry production dropped significantly.

I am dairying and want to join Glastir but I would not be able to inject slurry.

You do not have to select slurry.  Like all AWE options it is purely optional.

If I am going to plough the field can't I spread slurry via a vacuum tanker?

No, if you have selected the slurry option, application must be via injection or a trailing shoe for all of the slurry from the slurry store.

Can I inject in some fields and not others?

Yes, specific fields are not stipulated

Slurry injection machinery is heavy and can cause rutting and soil damage, will I fall foul of cross-compliance?

If your land is susceptible to this damage you must plan the timing of injection or if the storage facility does not allow selectively timed applications then you should not choose the slurry injection option.

Was slurry injection included to favour dairy farmers?

Slurry injection is available to all farmers if they have at least 100,000lt of slurry storage capacity.  It was originally conceived to attract dairy farmers as the pollution risk is often greater on these farms.

If dairy farms sign up for the Dairy Package and later go out of dairying, what happens to the dairy 10% uplift.  Also if the system then changes from slurry based would the points have to be recalculated?

If the farmer gives up dairying during the life of the Glastir contract the likelihood is that we would try to rescore him as a first step.  If this is unsuccessful then a reclaim and possibly penalties could result.  The only eligibility criterion to select slurry injection is to have storage capacity for at least 100,000 litres so it is unlikely that another option would have to be selected if slurry production dropped significantly.  The key point is that an applicant should not select the dairy score card or specific options if there is doubt that he/she cannot commit for the 5 year period.